மேற்கோள்கள்

Naturalizing ‘Queerness’: A Study of Shyam Selvadurai’s Funny Boy
If the representation of same-sex sexuality in punitive terms leaves gays in shock, then the legitimizing of Article XVI Section 377 (which bars gay sex) in India made gays all over the world, especially in South Asia speechless and traumatized. In response to this universally misconstrued image of an ‘unnatural’ man, Shyam Selvadurai, a Canadian-Sri Lankan writer creates a narrative which not only offers an ‘innocent peek’ into the biased perspectives of heterosexuals towards queers but the use of a child narrator is a deliberate ploy with which he deconstructs the craving for a so called ‘healthy’ text.’ Thus, this article, by musing on Selvadurai’s most acclaimed text Funny Boy (1994), attempts to examine how and why ‘unhealthy’ texts are constructed. Secondly, it elaborates on the subtle literary strategies used by Selvadurai to debunk pre-conceived notions of a heterosexual literary text. Finally, the article while locating a gay narrative in the social and cultural context of Sri Lanka, presents a gendered analysis of homosexuality in Sri Lanka., Journal Article
Caste Discrimination and Social Justice in Sri Lanka: An Overview
This Working Paper “Caste Discrimination and Social Justice in Sri Lank: An Overview” has been taken out from our report on Caste Based Discrimination (CBD) in South Asia. Drawn form the country report on Sri Lanka, the paper brings out the historical silence on caste discrimination and its local/regional specificities. It examines the patterns of CBD in Sri Lanka in a range of domains that include basic services, education, employment, land, markets, and political participation. The paper also reveals the complex relationship of caste and ethnicity, identifying the interlocking character of discrimination. It concludes that Sri Lankan society by no means is casteless as it is commonly assumed and the caste-blind policies of the state and non- state actors do not adequately deal with the continuing and emerging forms of CBD in various spheres of the society.
Caste and Social Exclusion of IDPs in Jaffna Society
This study provides an empirical case study of caste and social exclusion of war-affected Jaffna society. Initial part of this study developed through secondary and historical information on caste-based exclusion and all other parts present the contemporary caste-based exclusion with special reference to the selected camps of Internally Displaced People / Persons (IDPs) in Jaffna society. One of the key issues examined in this study was overrepresentation of certain ‘low-caste’ status “Panchamar” (five so-called low caste groups) in the IDP population remaining in Welfare centers. Although the war affected all inhabitants of Jaffna irrespective of their caste and class backgrounds, many of the long-term IDPs emerge from the traditionally underprivileged caste groups to the exclusion of people from the numerically large and dominant Vellālar caste. All remaining IDPs in the four welfare centers in Mallakam belonged to the Nalavar and Pallar caste. Access to village Hindu temples controlled by “upper caste” Hindus, access to drinking water from wells owned by “high caste” families and discriminations experienced by the “Panchamars” in the land market are some examples of caste-based exclusion in contemporary Jaffna society. Even though caste is not explicitly recognized in many matters and there is a public denial of the importance of caste by most parties, the educated middle classes in particular, the actual social reality is much more complex and multilayered and demands an understanding that goes beyond the superficial level and official truths whether coming from the state and nonstate actors who are eager to consider every thing to meta-narratives such as terrorism, nationalism and liberation struggle.
Ceylon's Contribution to Tamil Language and Literature
ஈழத்து அறிஞர்களின் தமிழ் மொழி, இலக்கிய பங்களிப்புக்கள்., ஆய்வுக் கட்டுரை