மேற்கோள்கள்

தும்புத் தொழில்
ஆய்வுக் கட்டுரை
In need of translation: an analysis of Sri Lankan Tamil Dalit literature
In Tamil Nadu, Dalit politics and literature became popular in the 1990s after the Ambedkar centenary celebrations. However, in Sri Lanka, Dalit politics became a distinct presence from the 1950s onward. Sri Lankan Tamil society is caste-structured, and the dominant castes are the Tamil Saiva Vellalars, who enjoy a superior status akin to the Brahmins in Tamil Nadu. The Nalavars, Pallars, Parayars, Vannan, and Ambattan, grouped together under the term Panchamar (1) are the "untouchable" communities that work for the Saiva Vellalars (upper-caste Hindus). Starting in the 1950s, certain groups began to put up major opposition against the discriminatory practices of the Tamil Saiva Vellalars, and literature played a very important role in raising awareness about the plight of Dalits among Sri Lankan Tamils. The experiences of untouchables as documented in Sri Lankan Tamil Dalit literature are similar to Dalit experiences in Tamil Nadu.
Social Stratification in Jaffna: A Survey of Recent Research on Caste
Since 1983, war has dominated the perception of Sri Lanka. This has affected scholarship on the country, such that the subjects of an overwhelming number of research proposals and publications have been on the war and the prospects and rescriptions for peace. This survey paper is an attempt to locate the system of caste in transition in the Jaffna Peninsula by reviewing recent literature written after the commencement of the war. While detailed ethnographies of caste in Jaffna may have temporarily come to a halt, caste practices have not and remain a salient part of everyday life among the Tamils in Sri Lanka. As the war ended in 2009, it is therefore important that social scientists on Sri Lanka revisit the topic of caste, that is an integral part of not just Tamil culture or society, but being Tamil itself. As the study of caste is dominated by research in India, a microanalysis of Jaffna and Sri Lanka, particularly the nuances of this system in transition due to war and militancy, could contribute to the macro-study of caste at a sub-continental perspective.
Decriminalizing same sex relations in Asia: socio-cultural factors impeding legal reform
This article considers why former British colonies in Asia have resisted calls to decriminalize same sex relations and as a related matter, what prospects exist for re form. This article argues, inter alia , that recent trends elsewhere–especially in the West –do not predict the decriminalization of same sex relations in South and Southeast Asia and indeed, may make it more difficult to achieve. 9 Nevertheless, at least som e of the factors that have sustained the criminalization of same sex relations in Asia far can be addressed, and even reversed, by governmental and non -governmental measures.
Naturalizing ‘Queerness’: A Study of Shyam Selvadurai’s Funny Boy
If the representation of same-sex sexuality in punitive terms leaves gays in shock, then the legitimizing of Article XVI Section 377 (which bars gay sex) in India made gays all over the world, especially in South Asia speechless and traumatized. In response to this universally misconstrued image of an ‘unnatural’ man, Shyam Selvadurai, a Canadian-Sri Lankan writer creates a narrative which not only offers an ‘innocent peek’ into the biased perspectives of heterosexuals towards queers but the use of a child narrator is a deliberate ploy with which he deconstructs the craving for a so called ‘healthy’ text.’ Thus, this article, by musing on Selvadurai’s most acclaimed text Funny Boy (1994), attempts to examine how and why ‘unhealthy’ texts are constructed. Secondly, it elaborates on the subtle literary strategies used by Selvadurai to debunk pre-conceived notions of a heterosexual literary text. Finally, the article while locating a gay narrative in the social and cultural context of Sri Lanka, presents a gendered analysis of homosexuality in Sri Lanka., Journal Article
Caste Discrimination and Social Justice in Sri Lanka: An Overview
This Working Paper “Caste Discrimination and Social Justice in Sri Lank: An Overview” has been taken out from our report on Caste Based Discrimination (CBD) in South Asia. Drawn form the country report on Sri Lanka, the paper brings out the historical silence on caste discrimination and its local/regional specificities. It examines the patterns of CBD in Sri Lanka in a range of domains that include basic services, education, employment, land, markets, and political participation. The paper also reveals the complex relationship of caste and ethnicity, identifying the interlocking character of discrimination. It concludes that Sri Lankan society by no means is casteless as it is commonly assumed and the caste-blind policies of the state and non- state actors do not adequately deal with the continuing and emerging forms of CBD in various spheres of the society.
Caste and Social Exclusion of IDPs in Jaffna Society
This study provides an empirical case study of caste and social exclusion of war-affected Jaffna society. Initial part of this study developed through secondary and historical information on caste-based exclusion and all other parts present the contemporary caste-based exclusion with special reference to the selected camps of Internally Displaced People / Persons (IDPs) in Jaffna society. One of the key issues examined in this study was overrepresentation of certain ‘low-caste’ status “Panchamar” (five so-called low caste groups) in the IDP population remaining in Welfare centers. Although the war affected all inhabitants of Jaffna irrespective of their caste and class backgrounds, many of the long-term IDPs emerge from the traditionally underprivileged caste groups to the exclusion of people from the numerically large and dominant Vellālar caste. All remaining IDPs in the four welfare centers in Mallakam belonged to the Nalavar and Pallar caste. Access to village Hindu temples controlled by “upper caste” Hindus, access to drinking water from wells owned by “high caste” families and discriminations experienced by the “Panchamars” in the land market are some examples of caste-based exclusion in contemporary Jaffna society. Even though caste is not explicitly recognized in many matters and there is a public denial of the importance of caste by most parties, the educated middle classes in particular, the actual social reality is much more complex and multilayered and demands an understanding that goes beyond the superficial level and official truths whether coming from the state and nonstate actors who are eager to consider every thing to meta-narratives such as terrorism, nationalism and liberation struggle.
Ceylon's Contribution to Tamil Language and Literature
ஈழத்து அறிஞர்களின் தமிழ் மொழி, இலக்கிய பங்களிப்புக்கள்., ஆய்வுக் கட்டுரை